Abel William Bahr (1877-1959), New York, NY, to 1915 
From 1915 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Abel William Bahr, New York, in 1915 
The Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 See Original Bronze List, S.I. 708, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Abel William Bahr (1877-1959) was a collector and dealer born in Shanghai, China. After he left Shanghai in 1910, he lived, at various points in time, in London, Montreal, and Ridgefield, Connecticut. He established a gallery in New York City in 1920.
 See note 1.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
Ornament: Pin for attachment. Box.
Surface: brown and green patina; grayish earth incrustation.
Decoration: in relief.
Neg. No. 4063A
One of a pair: 15.157-158
1. Purchased from A.W. Bahr, New York. For price, see S.I. 708, Original Bronze list.
2. Original attribution: Chinese. Sung. See further, S.I. 708, Appendix VII, and Miscellaneous Envelope file.
3. (C.L.F., undated) Ordinary.
4. (H.E. Buckman, 1964) The Envelope file contained no further information, and has now been destroyed.
5. (T. Lawton, 1972) Period uncertain.
6. (H.C. Lovell, 1974) A very similar object was unearthed from tomb number 632 at Loyang, one of 225 Han tombs excavated in the Shao-kou district about 3 miles northwest of the city of Lo-yang. See "Lo-yang Shao-kou Han mu" [Chn], pl. 51, no. 7, and p. 180. Tomb no. 632 is dated late Western Chou-Wang Mang Interregnum. The object is described as a chariot ornament. At the beginning of the section dealing with chariot fittings and ornaments (p. 178), there is a statement that all the fittings are small and that they were meant to be "ming-ch'i" rather than for actual use. For ornamental masks that were designed for a chariot meant for actual use, see 15.149-15.150; 16.277-16.281; and 16.703.
Two more examples, excavated from tomb no. 3242 and tomb no. 7039 in the western suburb of Loyang, are illustrated in "K'ao-ku hsueh-pao," 1963, no. 2, p. 30, figs. 2 and 3. Both these tombs are assigned to Han, phase 3, which is dated the reign of Wang Mang or slightly later.
7. (S. Kitsoulis, 16 June 2010 per Keith Wilson) Title changed from "Ornament. Pin for attachment. Box" to "Possibly a pin."
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Copyright with museum