Gold and Orange: The Neighbors


Artist: James McNeill Whistler (United States, 1834-1903)
Historical period(s)
ca. 1894-1895
Oil on wood panel
H x W: 21.6 x 12.8 cm (8 1/2 x 5 1/16 in)
United States
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Oil painting

United States

To 1913
Albert Rouiller (d. ca. 1921), Chicago, Illinois, to 1913 [1]

From 1913 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Albert Rouiller in 1913 [2]

From 1920
The Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] Undated folder sheet note. See Original Whistler List, "Purchases since making up the Smithsonian Inventory," pg 14, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Albert Roullier (C.L. Freer source) died ca. 1921


In his book on Whistler, Denys Sutton noted the "Mallarméan allusiveness" of Gold and Orange: The Neighbors. "Whistler appears to hint at inner meanings and to provide the stuff for interpretation; thus, a strange hallucinatory atmosphere is suggested by the presence of the two old women." Recent cleaning has revealed the delicacy with which Whistler painted the delicious lace curtains and the crispness of the drying laundry.
Quotation from Denys Sutton, Whistler: Paintings, Etchings, Pastels, and Watercolours (London: Phaidon Press, 1966), 44.

Published References
  • David Park Curry. James McNeill Whistler at the Freer Gallery of Art. Washington and New York, 1984. p. 147, pl. 54.
  • Andrew McLaren Young, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer. The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler. Studies in British Art 2 vols. New Haven, 1980. pl. 260.
  • Denys Sutton. James McNeill Whistler: Paintings, Etchings, Pastels & Watercolours. London, 1966. pl. 101.
Collection Area(s)
American Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum