Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara (Guanyin)

citation

Standing Bodhisattva Lotus Holder Guanyin
Surface: gilded; a reddish patina on worn areas. Green patina and grayish earth incrustation underneath.
Decoration: in relief and engraved. Inscription.

Historical period(s)
Eastern Wei dynasty, Period of Division, 541
Medium
Bronze with gilding
Dimensions
H x W: 17.3 x 7.2 cm (6 13/16 x 2 13/16 in)
Geography
China, Hebei province, Yaoyang, Boling
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1911.129
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Metalwork, Sculpture
Type

Figure

Keywords
bodhisattva, Buddhism, casting, China, Eastern Wei dynasty (534 - 550), gilding, Guanyin, lettering, lotus, mandorla, Period of Division (220 - 589)
Provenance

To 1911
Ta Ge Shang, Beijing, to 1911 [1]

From 1911 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Ta Ge Shang in 1911 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]

Notes:

[1] See Original Bronze List, S.I. 284, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Ta Ge Shang (C.L. Freer source)

Description

Standing Bodhisattva Lotus Holder Guanyin
Surface: gilded; a reddish patina on worn areas. Green patina and grayish earth incrustation underneath.
Decoration: in relief and engraved. Inscription.

Inscription(s)

On the 19th of the 2nd month in the 3rd year of Hsing-ho, the Eastern Wei Dynasty [542 A.D.] Buddhist Liu Fu Ch'u, native of Po-ling, Yao-yang district of Shantung province, had this image of Kuan-yin, the Goddess of Mercy, made in memory of his deceased parents and his living brothers and his wife and children.

The inscription reads: "Hsing-ho san-nien erh-yueh shih-chiu-jih Po-ling Chun Yao-yang Hsien Liu Fu-? wai wang fu mu chi hsiung ti wai ? ? fu ch'i nan nu po nien hsien tsao Kuan hsiang i-ch'u" [Chn]. It can be rendered: "On the 19th day of the second month in the third year of the reign of Hsing-ho [March 31, 541 A.D.], Liu Fu-? of Yao-yang Hsien, Po-ling Chun, had this image of Kuan-yin made for his deceased parents, his [living] brothers, for...husband and wife and children..." Note the date is 541, not 542 as previously stated. Note also that Yao-yang Hsien, Po-ling Chun, is in Hopei province, not Shantung.

Published References
  • Chang Qing. Genuine or Forged: Methods of Identifying Forgeries of Chinese Buddhist Sculptures. vol. 36 Washington and Ann Arbor. p. 95, fig. 13.
  • Osvald Siren. Chinese Sculpture from the Fifth to the Fourteenth Century: Over 900 Specimens in Stone, Bronze, Lacquer and Wood, Principally from Northern China. 4 vols., London. pl. 205c.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum