Buddha Mile (Maitreya)


Historical period(s)
Liu Song dynasty, Dated 451
Bronze and gilt
H x W x D (overall): 29.3 x 13.2 x 7.4 cm (11 9/16 x 5 3/16 x 2 15/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Metalwork, Sculpture

Buddhist sculpture

Buddhism, casting, China, dhyana mudra, gilding, Liu Song dynasty (420 - 479), Maitreya Buddha, mandorla

To 1911
Ta Ge Shang, Shanghai, to 1911 [1]

From 1911 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Ta Ge Shang in 1911 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Bronze List, S.I. 276, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Ta Ge Shang (C.L. Freer source)

Published References
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 73, p. 170.
  • Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. p. 35.
  • Grace Dunham Guest A.G. Wenley. Annotated Outlines of the History of Chinese Arts. Washington, 1949. p. 7.
  • Gilded Metals: History, Technology and Conservation. London. p. 150, fig. 8.5.
  • Langdon Warner, Joseph Hackin, Osvald Siren, Paul Pelliot. Studies in Chinese Art and Some Indian Influences: Lectures Delivered in Connection with the International Exhibition of Chinese Art at the Royal Academy of Arts. Exh. cat. London. p. 24, pl. 6, fig. 27.
  • Osvald Siren. Kinas Konst Under Tre Artusenden. 2 vols., Stockholm, 1942-1943. pl. 107.
  • Ludwig Bachhofer. A Short History of Chinese Art. New York. pl. 57.
  • Osvald Siren. Chinese Sculpture from the Fifth to the Fourteenth Century: Over 900 Specimens in Stone, Bronze, Lacquer and Wood, Principally from Northern China. 4 vols., London. pl. 16c.
  • Osvald Siren. A History of Early Chinese Art. 4 vols., London, 1929-1930. vol. 3, pl. 47b.
  • Yashiro Yukio. Buddhistic Statues in Gilt Bronze of the Six Dynasties. no. 109 Tokyo, January 1941. p. 16, pl. 7.
  • Ludwig Bachhofer. Die Anfange der buddhistischen plastik in China. vol. 10, nos.1/2 Berlin, January - April 1934. pl. l, no. 9.
  • Mizuno Seiichi. Bronze and Stone Sculpture of China: From the Yin to the Tang dynasty. Tokyo. p. 23, fig. 49.
  • Roger Fry, Lawrence Binyon, Osvald Siren, A. F. Kendrick, Bernard Rackham, W. Perceval Yetts, William W Winkworth. Chinese Art: An Introductory Review of Painting, Ceramics, Textiles, Bronzes, Sculpture, Jade, etc. Burlington magazine monographs London. pl. 4b.
  • Alexander Coburn Soper. Chinese, Korean and Japanese Bronzes: A Catalogue of the Auriti Collection Donated to IsMEO and Preserved in the Museo Nazionale d'arte Orientale in Rome. Serie orientale Roma, 35 Rome. p. 12.
  • Wai-Kam Ho. Three Selected Stone Buddhas. Cleveland, April 1966. p. 93, fig. 25b.
  • Yang Hong. Shih lun nan-pei chao chien chi fu-hsiang fu shih ti chu yao pien hua. no. 6. p. 331.
  • Chugoku bijutsu (Chinese Art in Western Collections). 5 vols., Tokyo, 1972-1973. pl. 8.
  • Saburo Matsubara. Chinese Buddhist Sculpture (Chugoku Bukkyo chokokushi kenkyu): A Study Based on Bronze and Stone Statues other than Works from Cave Temples. Tokyo, 1961-1971. p. 3.
  • Thomas Lawton. China's Artistic Legacy. vol. 118, no. 258 London, August 1983. p. 131.
  • unknown title. no. 243 Tokyo, August 1986. p. 88.
  • Saburo Matsubara. North and South in the Style of Chinese Buddhist Sculpture. no. 296 Tokyo, November 1974. pp. 134-153.
  • Saburo Matsubara. Seated Buddha Dated 437 A.D. no. 1032 Tokyo. pp. 22-28.
  • Saburo Matsubara. Study of the Buddhist Sculptures during the Period of Southern Courts in China. vol. 130 Osaka, May 1980. pp. 64-76.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum