The Hall of Scenic Beauty


Artist: Copy after Qiu Ying 仇英 (ca. 1494-1552)
Historical period(s)
Ming or Qing dynasty, 17th century
Ink and color on silk
H x W (image): 196.2 x 98.2 cm (77 1/4 x 38 11/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll (mounted on panel)

blue-and-green style, boat, China, commerce, fishing, horse, landscape, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644), Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911), river, spring

To 1909
Loon Gu Sai, Beijing, to 1909 [1]

From 1909 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Loon Gu Sai, Beijing, in 1909 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Kakemono and Makimono List, L. 614, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. According to Ingrid Larsen, "'Don’t Send Ming or Later Pictures': Charles Lang Freer and the First Major Collection of Chinese Painting in an American Museum," Ars Orientalis vol. 40 (2011), Loon Gu Sai was possibly Lunguzhai, a store in the antiques district of Liulichang.

This object exhibits seals, colophons, or inscriptions that could provide additional information regarding the object’s history; see Curatorial Remarks in the object record for further details.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Loon Gu Sai (C.L. Freer source)


The Hall of Scenic Beauty was built in 1057 by the imperial favorite Mei Zhi (act. 1020s-60s), while he was stationed in the city of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. Two years later, he requested the renowned prose master Ouyang Xiu (1007-1072) to memorialize the hall. An excerpt from this text is inscribed on the painting at upper right. Built between a river and a lake and bounded by mountains, the city of Hangzhou was widely considered one of the most beautifully situated urban centers in the empire. Providing both a panorama of the city below and a commanding view of the natural surroundings, the Hall of Scenic Beauty became a popular destination for day trips and appears in many contemporary poems.
This painting is a seventeenth-century copy of a composition attributed to the Ming dynasty painter Qiu Ying, whose spurious signature appears at lower left. The excerpt from Ouyang Xiu's essay at upper right was ostensibly written by the famous calligrapher Zhu Yunming (1461-1527), however the style of writing does not resemble his known works. This scroll is one of a pair with F1909.157.

Published References
  • p. 376, fig. 11.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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