Harmony in Blue and Gold: The Peacock Room

citation

Maker(s)
Artist: James McNeill Whistler (United States, 1834-1903)
Historical period(s)
1876-1877
Medium
Oil paint and gold leaf on canvas, leather, mosaic tile, and wood
Dimensions
H x W x D (overall): 421.6 x 613.4 x 1026.2 cm (166 x 241 1/2 x 404 in)
Geography
United States
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1904.61
On View Location
Freer Gallery 12: The Peacock Room Comes to America
Classification(s)
Architectural Element
Type

Room installation

Keywords
peacock, United States
Provenance

From 1877 to 1892
Frederick Richards Leyland (1831-1892), London, from 1877 [1]

From 1892 to 1894
Estate of Frederick Richards Leyland, London, from 1892 [2]

From 1894 to 1904
Mrs. James Watney, London, purchased from the Estate of Frederick Richards Leyland in 1894 [3]

1904
Obach & Co., London, purchased from Mrs. James Watney, through Messrs. Brown and Phillips of the Leicester Galleries, London, in 1904 [4]

From 1904 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Obach & Co. in 1904 [5]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [6]

Notes:

[1] The Peacock Room was once the dining room in the London home, 49 Prince's Gate, of Frederick Richard Leyland. When Frederick Richard Leyland died in 1892, 49 Prince's Gate - and its contents - was offered for sale. Leyland's porcelains and other treasures were sold. Whistler's painting The Princess from the Land of Porcelain (F19023.91) was removed from the Peacock Room and sold at Christie's in London on May 28, 1892, to Alexander Reid, a Glasgow dealer. The house - which still contained the Peacock Room - did not bring a high enough offer and it was withdrawn from sale. It was finally purchased in 1894 by Mrs. James (Blanche) Watney. Upon discovering that the Peacock Room could be taken apart and reassembled, Mrs. Watney decided to sell the room. In 1903, Mrs. Watney set the price at 10,000 guineas and engaged Messrs. Brown and Phillips of the Leicester Galleries in Leicester Square as agents. Unable to purchase, dismantle, and reassemble the room on their own, Ernest Brown, one of principals, enlisted the cooperation of Obach & Co., a larger gallery on New Bond Street. Although Gustave Mayer, the managing partner of Obach & Co., offered the room to Charles Lang Freer on January 26, 1904, a sale did not take place at this time, as Mrs. Watney withdrew the offer. On February 6, 1904, Mayer wrote to Freer that "the present owner, a lady of extraordinary changeableness, has changed her mind three times in ten days, completely reversing her decision in each case" (see Mayer to Freer, February 6, 1904, CLF Papers/Obach). Mrs. Watney changed her mind yet again several weeks later, and on February 17, 1904, Mayer offered the room to Freer for 8,500 guineas, including the cost of disassembly and packing for shipment to Detroit.

[2] See note 1.

[3] See note 1.

[4] See note 1. Also, the exact nature of the transactions between Mrs. Watney, Messrs. Brown and Phillips of the Leicester Galleries, and Obach & Co. is somewhat unclear. Messrs. Brown and Phillips appear to have acted simply as agents for Mrs. Watney, facilitating the sale of the Peacock Room from Mrs. Watney to Obach & Co. Obach & Co. appear to have been full owners of the Peacock Room, having purchased it from Mrs. Watney before immediately selling it to Freer.

[5] See notes 1 and 4.

[6] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Frederick Richards Leyland 1831 - 1892
Obach & Co. (C.L. Freer source)
Mrs. James Watney I

Label

The Peacock Room was originally the dining room in the London home of Frederick Richards Leyland (1831-1892), a wealthy shipowner from Liverpool, England, who was James McNeill Whistler's leading patron. The architect Thomas Jeckyll (1827-1881) designed the room, constructing an intricate lattice of shelving to contain Leyland's collection of Chinese blue-and-white porcelain, mostly from the Kangxi era (1662-1722) of the Qing dynasty. Antique Dutch gilt leather hung on the walls and a painting by Whistler, The Princess from the Land of Porcelain, was given the place of honor above the fireplace (see F1903.91a-b).
Jeckyll had nearly completed his decorative scheme when an illness compelled him to abandon the project. Whistler, who was decorating the entrance hall of Leyland's house, volunteered to finish Jeckyll's work in the dining room. Concerned that the red roses adorning the leather wall hangings clashed with the colors in The Princess, Whistler suggested retouching the leather with yellow paint, and Leyland agreed to that minor alteration. He also authorized Whistler to embellish the cornice and wainscoting with a "wave pattern" derived from the design in Jeckyll's leaded-glass door, and then went to his home in Liverpool. During Leyland's absence, Whistler grew bolder with his revisions. He covered the ceiling with squares of dutch metal (imitation gold leaf) and a lush pattern of peacock feathers, gilded the spindle shelving, and painted an array of magnificent peacocks on the inside panels of the shutters.
As word of his remarkable decoration got out, Whistler began entertaining visitors and amusing the press in Leyland's home--audacious behavior that, coupled with a dispute over payment for the project, provoked a bitter quarrel between the painter and his patron. Consequently, Whistler coated the costly leather with Prussian-blue paint and on the vacant wall opposite The Princess depicted a pair of fighting peacocks. The angry bird on the right was given silver throat feathers in reference to the white ruffled shirts that Leyland always wore; the other, docile peacock was crowned with a silver crest feather reminiscent of the single white lock that rose artfully above Whistler's forehead. Regarding the dining-room decoration as a three-dimensional painting, the artist obtained a blue rug for the floor, signed the composition several times with his butterfly emblem, and gave the room the title Harmony in Blue and Gold: The Peacock Room.
The Peacock Room remained intact and fully furnished with Chinese porcelain until Leyland's death in 1892. Twelve years later it was sold to the collector Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), who had purchased Whistler's Princess only the previous year. The room was dismantled in 1904 and moved to Freer's house in Detroit, where it was used to display his own collection of ceramics. After Freer's death in 1919, the Peacock Room was reinstalled at the Freer Gallery of Art, which opened to the public in 1923. The Chinese porcelain now on the shelves is similar to the collection for which the room was originally designed.

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  • Ralph Dutton. The English Interior, 1500 to 1900. London. p. 92, pl. 147.
  • Margaret F. MacDonald. Whistler's Mother: An American Icon. .
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  • Alice Vansittart Carr. Mrs. J. Comyns Carr's Reminiscences. London. pp. 106-108.
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  • Leonce Benedite. Whistler. vol. 3 Barcelona, December 15, 1926. pp. 1-3.
  • Don Seitz. James Abbott McNeill Whistler--Wit, Wasp and Butterfly. New Series, vol. 1 New York, August 1925. pp. 488-503.
  • Louise Jopling. Twenty Years of My Life, 1867-1889. London. p. 216.
  • Tom Prideaux. The Lady of the Portrait. 134. .
  • The Lady of the Portrait: Letters of Whistler's Mother. vol. 136, September 1925. pp. 327-328.
  • The Freer Gallery's First Catalogue. Boston, March 17, 1924. p. 11.
  • History of Design: Decorative Arts and Material Culture, 1400-2000. .
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  • Notes and News. vol. 10 London, September 2, 1876. pp. 249, 275.
  • Decorative Art. London, December 8, 1876. p. 2.
  • Wall Painting by Mr. Whistler. vol. 17 London, January 13, 1877. p. 26.
  • Fine Arts, Science, &c. London, January 27, 1877. p. 103a.
  • Art at Home: Mr. Layland's [sic] At Princes-Gate. London, January 28, 1877. p. 5c-d.
  • James McNeill Whistler. Harmony in Blue and Gold: The Peacock Room. London, February 1877. .
  • Joseph Comyns Carr. Mr. Whistler's Decorative Paintings. vol. 25 London, February 15, 1877. p. 11.
  • Tom Taylor. A Peacock Room. London, February 15, 1877. p. 4.
  • Variorum Notes. London, February 17, 1877. p. 216.
  • William Michael Rossetti. Notes on Art and Archaeology. vol. 11 London, February 17, 1877. p. 147.
  • In and Out of London: Mr. Whistler's Peacocks. London, February 17, 1877. pp. 63-64.
  • Mr. J. A. M. Whistler's Decorative Work: The Peacock Room. London, February 17, 1877. p. 124.
  • Reverend H. R. Haweis. Arrows in the Air. London. pp. 174-175.
  • Here, There, and Everywhere. vol. 25 London, February 21, 1877. p. 67.
  • Peacock Decoration. vol. 7 London, February 23, 1877. p. 123.
  • The Peacock Room. vol. 35 London, February 24, 1877. p. 182.
  • Art: Ornamental Painting. London, February 24, 1877. pp. 244-45.
  • Edward W. Godwin. Notes on Mr. Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. vol. 17 London, February 24, 1877. pp. 118-19.
  • Art and Science Gossip. London, February 24, 1877. pp. 10-11.
  • Edward W. Godwin. Mr. F. R. Leyland's 'Peacock Room'. Liverpool, March 3, 1877. p. 6a-b.
  • The Social Week. London, March 3, 1877. p. 138.
  • A Bird's-eye View of the Future. vol. 72 London, March 3, 1877. p. 85.
  • George W. Smalley. London Topics: Progress in Household Art., March 5, 1877. p. 2.
  • George W. Smalley. Books and Art in London: Notable Literary Events., March 29, 1877. p. 6.
  • The Studios. vol. 72 London, March 17, 1877. p. 109.
  • Edward W. Godwin. Mr. Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. vol. 2, March 24, 1877. p. 95.
  • Personal. vol. 10 New York, March 31, 1877. p. 195.
  • Oscar Wilde. The Grosvenor Gallery. vol. 90 Dublin, July 1877. pp. 118-26.
  • George W. Smalley. London Topics: Household Decoration: A Room Decorated by Rhoda and Agnes Garrett---Whistler's 'Harmony in Yellow and Gold'---A Tendency to Over-Decoration by Some Firms---Flimsy Workmanship. New York, July 6, 1878. p. 2.
  • A Harmony in Yellow and Gold. vol. 4, July 27, 1878. p. 36.
  • Theodore Duret. James Whistler. vol. 23 Paris, April 1881. pp. 366-67.
  • In the Peacock Room: A Variation. London, October 8, 1881. p. 157.
  • Mary Eliza Haweis. The Art of Decoration. New York. .
  • James McNeill Whistler. Letter to "Atlas". London, December 31, 1884. .
  • Octave Maus. James M. Neill Whistler. Brussels, September 13, 1885. pp. 294-96.
  • Lady Archibald Campbell. Rainbow-Music or the Philosophy of Harmony in Colour-Grouping. London. pp. 12-15.
  • Edward W. Godwin. Correspondence. Whistler and the Philistines. What is a 'Master.': Letter to the editor. vol. 3, no. 107, London, July 22, 1886. pp. 657-58.
  • Walter Dowdeswell. Whistler. New York, April 1887. p. 98.
  • Art in America: Our Decorations Compared with Those of Europe. New York, February 8, 1890. .
  • Sudden Death of Mr. F. R. Leyland. Liverpool, January 6, 1892. p. 7.
  • Obituary, F. R. Leyland. London, January 6, 1892. .
  • The Late Mr. Leyland's Beautiful House: Mr. Whistler and the Peacock Room. London, January 14, 1892. p. 48.
  • The Late Mr. Leyland's House. vol. 37 London, January 15, 1892. p. 55.
  • A Beautiful House: Mr. Whistler and the Peacock Room. Birmingham, January 15, 1892. .
  • Lionel Robinson. The Private Art Collections of London: The Late Mr. Frederick Leyland's in Prince's Gate: Second Paper: The Leyland Collection. vol. 55 London, May 1892. pp. 134-38.
  • Mr. Whistler's Peacock Room. London, June 16, 1892. pp. 864-65.
  • Cornelius Gurlitt. Die Amerikanische Malerie in Europa: Mit Beruckstichtingung der Munchener Austellung 1892. Munich. p. 51.
  • Gleeson White. An Epoch-making House. vol. 310 New York, December 1897. p. 111.
  • Vernon Lee. Imagination in Modern Art: Random Notes on Whistler, Sargent, and Besnard. vol. 62 St. Louis, October 1, 1897. pp. 514-15.
  • Gardner C. Teall. Mr. Whistler and the Art Crafts. vol. 13 New York, February 1903. pp. 190-91.
  • Arthur Symons. Whistler. Paris, August 1903. .
  • Algernon Graves. James Abbott McNeill Whistler. vol. 1 London, August 1903. pp. 342-43.
  • Val C. Prinsep. James A. McNeill Whistler: 1834-1903: I. Personal Recollections. New Series 1, vol. 27 London, October 1903. pp. 577-80.
  • Marion H. Spielmann. James A. McNeill Whistler: 1834-1903: The Man and the Artist. vol. 28 London, November 1903. pp. 8-16.
  • George H. Boughton. A Few of the Various Whistlers I Have Known. vol. 30 London, December 15, 1903. p. 215.
  • Paul G. Konody. Whistler's Pfauenzimmer. vol. 7 Vienna. pp. 385-91.
  • Whistler's Versatile Art and Most Famous Works. American Who Won Celebrity Abroad and Whose Pictures Will Be Seen Here. Boston, February 21, 1904. pp. 8, 11.
  • Whistler, His Art, His Ways and His Silver Tuft. London, March 13, 1904. pp. 8-9.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. vol. 2, no. 18 London, June 1904. p. 220.
  • A Whistler Room. vol. 1 London, June 1904. p. 490.
  • Our London Letter . . . Whistler's Famous Peacock Room. Dundee, Angus, June 2, 1904. p. 5.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. London, June 2, 1904. p. 10.
  • Here and There: When Chelsea was Beautiful. Manchester, June 3, 1904. p. 3.
  • Art and Artists. London, June 6, 1904. p. 4.
  • Miscellanea. London, June 7, 1904. p. 984.
  • Whistler's Famous Peacock Room. vol. 19 London, June 8, 1904. p. 272.
  • The Peacock Room. London, June 8, 1904. p. 156.
  • Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. London, June 8, 1904. p. 311.
  • Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. Glasgow, June 10, 1904. p. 10.
  • The Peacock Room: A Whistlerian Revenge. London, June 10, 1904. p. 4.
  • The Peacock Room: A Whistler Work Which Drove a Man Mad. London, June 10, 1904. p. 2.
  • Notes on Current Events. vol. 61 London, June 10, 1904. p. 417.
  • Art Notes: Whistler's Famous Peacock Room. London, June 10, 1904. .
  • Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. London, June 10, 1904. p. 9.
  • Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. London, June 10, 1904. p. 4.
  • Our London Letter: The Peacock Room. Manchester, June 10, 1904. p. 6.
  • The Lighter Side. vol. 85 London, June 10, 1904. p. 742.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. London, June 11, 1904. p. 8.
  • Whistler and His Work: Famous 'Peacock Room' Open to Public Inspection. London, June 11, 1904. p. 5.
  • Bric-a-brac. vol. 63 London, June 11, 1904. p. 1068.
  • The Week. vol. 10 London, June 11, 1904. p. 239.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room: Art Treasure Going to the United States. London, June 13, 1904. p. 3.
  • Art Exhibitions. London, June 13, 1904. p. 9.
  • Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. London, June 13, 1904. p. 7.
  • The Peacock Room: Sale to an American. London, June 13, 1904. p. 4.
  • Whistler and Gainsborough. London, June 13, 1904. p. 6.
  • Whistler's Peacock-Room. Glasgow, June 13, 1904. p. 8.
  • unknown title. New York, April 2, 1919. .
  • London Art. Whistler's Famous Peacock Room Now Belongs to an American Collector. Price Not Yet Ascertained. A Single Panel from the Same Room Already Bought by American for £5,000. Paris, June 13, 1904. p. 2.
  • London Notes: Another Art-Gem for America. Manchester, June 14, 1904. p. 2.
  • Lost Art Treasures: How the Old Country is Being Denuded and the Remedy. London, June 14, 1904. p. 2.
  • Art and Artists. London, June 14, 1904. p. 1.
  • Art Notes: 'The Peacock Room'. London, June 14, 1904. p. 1.
  • Facts and Fancies: The Peacock Room. Dublin, June 14, 1904. p. 5.
  • Freer as Art Collector: Detroiter Buys Jas. Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. Detroit, June 14, 1904. .
  • 'Peacock Room' Goes to Detroit. New York, June 14, 1904. p. 10.
  • Bought 'Peacock Room': Mr. Freer, New Owner of Whistler's Creation, Arrives from London. New York, June 15, 1904. p. 5.
  • Whistler's 'Peacock Room': Detroiter Purchased All Friezes and Wall Paintings. Detroit, June 15, 1904. .
  • Art and Artists. London, June 15, 1904. .
  • The Chatterer. Boston, June 15, 1904. p. 6.
  • Art and Artists. London, June 16, 1904. p. 2.
  • Art Notes. vol. 85 London, June 17, 1904. p. 772.
  • Notes and News. London, June 18, 1904. p. 523.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. London, June 18, 1904. .
  • The Peacock Room. vol. 1 London, June 18, 1904. p. 793.
  • The Peacock Room. London, June 18, 1904. .
  • Art Notes. London, June 18, 1904. p. 932.
  • Art Notes: Whistler's Famous Peacock Room. vol. 35 London, June 18, 1904. pp. 706-707.
  • Mr. Freer is Mum: Will Neither Admit Nor Deny That He Bought the Peacock Room. New York, June 20, 1904. p. 10.
  • Lady Colin Campbell. In the Picture Galleries: Whistler's Peacock Room. London, June 21, 1904. p. 1081.
  • Our London Correspondence. Manchester, June 22, 1904. p. 6.
  • Art Notes: Peacocks with a Past. London, June 23, 1904. pp. 1612-13.
  • People, Places, and Things: Whistler's Peacock Decorations. London, June 23, 1904. p. 337.
  • Whistler's Decorative Masterpiece. vol. 3 London, June 25, 1904. pp. 148, 150.
  • The Development of Interior Decoration. London, June 25, 1904. pp. 1074, 1076.
  • Art and Artists. News and Notes: Whistler's 'Peacock Room. Manchester, June 25, 1904. p. 2.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. London, June 26, 1904. p. 2.
  • Round the Galleries. London, June 26, 1904. p. 8.
  • Criticus. Whistler, Sargent, Hemy: Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. vol. 93 London, July 1904. p. 201.
  • Criticus. World of Art and Music: Echoes of Whistler: The Peacock Room. vol. 93 London, July 1904. p. 231.
  • Art. vol. 67 London, July 2, 1904. p. 21.
  • Our Ladies' Letter, by Joan and Jill. Norwich, July 2, 1904. p. 2.
  • Home Decoration: Whistler's Peacock Room. vol. 116 London, July 16, 1904. p. 23.
  • Art. London, July 3, 1904. p. 7.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. New York, July 17, 1904. p. 8.
  • Hestia. Other Folks' Houses: The Peacock Room. vol. 29 London, July 23, 1904. p. 158.
  • The Story of Whistler's Famous 'Peacock Room'. Detroit, July 23, 1904. .
  • World of Art and Music: Whistler's 'Peacock Room. Review and Miscellany, vol. 93 London, July 1904. p. 365.
  • Whistler's Famous Peacock Room. vol. 25 London, July 1904. pp. 4-6.
  • The Editor's Note Book. vol. 1, no. 2 London, July 1904. pp. 1040-45.
  • The Lay Figure: On Domestic Decoration. vol. 32, no. 136 London, July 1904. p. 182.
  • Studio-Talk. vol. 32, no. 137 London, August 1904. pp. 241-246.
  • Whistler's Work Coming Here. New York, August 17, 1904. .
  • 'Peacock Room' Now in Detroit. Detroit, September 3, 1904. p. 3.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room: World's Greatest Masterpiece of Decorative Art Bought by an American. Chicago, September 4, 1904. .
  • Chas. Freer Buys 'Peacock Room'. Logansport, Indiana, September 10, 1904. .
  • In Their Old Home: Col. Frank J. Hecker and Charles L. Freer as viewed at Logansport, Ind. Logansport, Indiana, September 19, 1904. .
  • James A. McNeill Whistler. vol. 10 London, October 1904. pp. 162-163.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. London, December 23, 1904. p. 4.
  • Charles L. Freer's Gift to the Smithsonian Institution. Detroit, February 3, 1905. .
  • Oliver J. Curwood. Charles L. Freer: An American Art Collector. London, June 1905. pp. lxxviii--lxxix.
  • Famous Peacock Room. Philadelphia, April 22, 1905. .
  • Arthur Symons. Studies in Seven Arts. New York. .
  • Art in America. vol. 9, no. 37 London, April 1906. p. 68.
  • Walter Crane. An Artist's Reminiscences. New York. pp. 199-200.
  • Leila Mechlin. The Freer Collection of Art: Mr. Charles L. Freer's Gift to the Nation, to be Installed at Washington. vol. 73, no. 3 New York, January 1907. pp. 358-59.
  • Thomas White. Albert Moore and the 'D.N.B'. vol. 8, no. 191 London, August 24, 1907. p. 152.
  • Joseph Comyns Carr. Some Eminent Victorians: Personal Recollections in the world of Art and Letters. London. p. 134.
  • Arthur Waley (Introductory essay). Tao Te Ching: The Way and Its Power and Its Place in Chinese Thought. London. .
  • Robert J. Charleston. Islamic Pottery. Masterpieces of Western and Near Eastern Ceramics, vol. 4 Tokyo and New York. .
  • Ernest Francisco Fenollosa. Epochs of Chinese and Japanese Art: An Outline History of East Asiatic Design. 2 vols., London and New York. .
  • Arthur Morrison. The Painters of Japan. 2 vols., London and Edinburgh. .
  • Obituary: Mrs. Frances Leyland. London, January 13, 1910. p. 11.
  • Walter Crane. William Morris to Whistler: Papers and Addresses on Art and Craft and the Commonwealth. London. pp. 267-69.
  • James McNeill Whistler. Nocturnes, Marines, & Chevalet Pieces: Small Collection Kindly Lent by Their Owners. London, 1892. .
  • Richard Oertel. Whistler. vol. 25 Berlin, July 1911. pp. 345-360.
  • Theodore Duret. Whistler. London and Phildadelphia. .
  • Mrs. Alec Tweedie. Thirteen Years of a Busy Woman's Life. London. pp. 169-70.
  • Elizabeth Robins Pennell Joseph Pennell. Whistler as Decorator: With an Incidental Comparison of the Influence of Whistler and that of William Morris. vol. 83 London, February 1912. pp. 500-513.
  • World's Greatest Cartoon Shows Whistler's Hatred of Avarice. San Francisco, February 10, 1912. .
  • Goupil Gallery. Catalogue of Oil Paintings, a Water Colour and Etchings by Walter Greaves (Pupil of Whistler). Exh. cat. London, May, 1911. p. 4.
  • Frank Rutter. James McNeill Whistler: An Estimate and a Biography. New York. pp. 63-69.
  • Don Seitz. Whistler Stories. New York and London. p. 74.
  • Joseph Comyns Carr. Coasting Bohemia. London. pp. 94-95.
  • Dana H. Carroll. The Freer Collection for the Nation: The Field of Art. vol. 60 New York, September 1916. .
  • The Freer Museum. vol. 112 London, February 16, 1916. p. 366.
  • G.C. Williamson. The Book of Famille Rose. London. .
  • G.C. Williamson. Murray Marks and his Friends: A Tribute of Regard. London. pp. 88-97.
  • Whistler's Art and Personality in 'The Peacock Room'. vol. 63 New York, October 18, 1919. pp. 66, 70.
  • The Nation's Benefactor in Art. vol. 63 New York, October 18, 1919. pp. 28-29.
  • Notes and Comments. Boston, October 24, 1919. p. 18.
  • Madge Bailey. Nation is Heir to Whistler's Genius. Seattle, October 26, 1919. part 6:4.
  • John R. M. Taylor. The Freer Gallery, Washington, Opens with Important Whistler Collection. Boston, May 5, 1923. part 5.
  • Elizabeth Phelps Stokes. Art Gems in Rich Setting at Capital. New York, May 7, 1923. p. 9.
  • Harvey M. Watts. Opening of the Freer Gallery of Art. vol. 15 Washington, June 1923. pp. 274-76.
  • Richard C. De Wolf. The Freer Gallery of Art. Washington, September-October 1923. pp. 50, 52.
  • Guy Pene Du Bois. Art by the Way. New York, July 1923. pp. 50-51.
  • The Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C. vol. 48 New York, September 1923. pp. 293-97.
  • Comte de Robert Montesquiou-Fezensac. Les Pas Effacés. Mémoires, vol. 2 Paris. pp. 254-55.
  • Charles Martin. Washington, the Pride of the Nation. vol. 43, no. 6 Washington, June 1923. .
  • Vernon Lee. Vernon Lee's Letters. London. p. 126.
  • Denys Sutton. Cahiers de Bordeaux: Journées internationales d'études d'art. vols. 7 and 8, Bordeaux, July 1960. pp. 87-94.
  • Daniel E. Sutherland. Whistler: A Life for Art's Sake. .
  • Margaret F. MacDonald, Patricia de Montfort, Pamela Robertson, Lee Glazer. James McNeill Whistler Retrospective. Exh. cat. Tokyo, 2014. pp. 157-164, centerfold.
  • Strut: The Peacock and Beauty in Art. .
  • Der Feine Schimmer (The Delicate Glow: On Peacocks and Mother of Pearl in Art Nouveaux). Exh. cat. .
  • p. 57.
  • pp. 388-389.
  • p. 134-135, fig. 2.
Collection Area(s)
American Art
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