Harmony in Blue and Gold: The Peacock Room

citation

Maker(s)
Artist: James McNeill Whistler (American, 1834-1903)
Historical period(s)
1876-1877
Medium
Oil paint and gold leaf on canvas, leather, mosaic tile, and wood
Dimensions
H x W x D (overall): 421.6 x 613.4 x 1026.2 cm (166 x 241 1/2 x 404 in)
Geography
United States
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1904.61
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Architectural Element
Type

Room installation

Keywords
peacock, United States
Provenance

From 1877 to 1892
Frederick Richards Leyland (1831-1892), London, from 1877 [1]

From 1892 to 1894
Estate of Frederick Richards Leyland, London, from 1892 [2]

From 1894 to 1904
Mrs. James Watney, London, purchased from the Estate of Frederick Richards Leyland in 1894 [3]

1904
Obach & Co., London, purchased from Mrs. James Watney, through Messrs. Brown and Phillips of the Leicester Galleries, London, in 1904 [4]

From 1904 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Obach & Co. in 1904 [5]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [6]

Notes:

[1] The Peacock Room was once the dining room in the London home, 49 Prince's Gate, of Frederick Richard Leyland. When Frederick Richard Leyland died in 1892, 49 Prince's Gate - and its contents - was offered for sale. Leyland's porcelains and other treasures were sold. Whistler's painting The Princess from the Land of Porcelain (F19023.91) was removed from the Peacock Room and sold at Christie's in London on May 28, 1892, to Alexander Reid, a Glasgow dealer. The house - which still contained the Peacock Room - did not bring a high enough offer and it was withdrawn from sale. It was finally purchased in 1894 by Mrs. James (Blanche) Watney. Upon discovering that the Peacock Room could be taken apart and reassembled, Mrs. Watney decided to sell the room. In 1903, Mrs. Watney set the price at 10,000 guineas and engaged Messrs. Brown and Phillips of the Leicester Galleries in Leicester Square as agents. Unable to purchase, dismantle, and reassemble the room on their own, Ernest Brown, one of principals, enlisted the cooperation of Obach & Co., a larger gallery on New Bond Street. Although Gustave Mayer, the managing partner of Obach & Co., offered the room to Charles Lang Freer on January 26, 1904, a sale did not take place at this time, as Mrs. Watney withdrew the offer. On February 6, 1904, Mayer wrote to Freer that "the present owner, a lady of extraordinary changeableness, has changed her mind three times in ten days, completely reversing her decision in each case" (see Mayer to Freer, February 6, 1904, CLF Papers/Obach). Mrs. Watney changed her mind yet again several weeks later, and on February 17, 1904, Mayer offered the room to Freer for 8,500 guineas, including the cost of disassembly and packing for shipment to Detroit.

[2] See note 1.

[3] See note 1.

[4] See note 1. Also, the exact nature of the transactions between Mrs. Watney, Messrs. Brown and Phillips of the Leicester Galleries, and Obach & Co. is somewhat unclear. Messrs. Brown and Phillips appear to have acted simply as agents for Mrs. Watney, facilitating the sale of the Peacock Room from Mrs. Watney to Obach & Co. Obach & Co. appear to have been full owners of the Peacock Room, having purchased it from Mrs. Watney before immediately selling it to Freer.

[5] See notes 1 and 4.

[6] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Mrs. James Watney I
Obach & Co. (C.L. Freer source)
Frederick Richards Leyland 1831 - 1892
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919

Label

The Peacock Room was originally the dining room in the London home of Frederick Richards Leyland (1831-1892), a wealthy shipowner from Liverpool, England, who was James McNeill Whistler's leading patron. The architect Thomas Jeckyll (1827-1881) designed the room, constructing an intricate lattice of shelving to contain Leyland's collection of Chinese blue-and-white porcelain, mostly from the Kangxi era (1662-1722) of the Qing dynasty. Antique Dutch gilt leather hung on the walls and a painting by Whistler, The Princess from the Land of Porcelain, was given the place of honor above the fireplace (see F1903.91a-b).
Jeckyll had nearly completed his decorative scheme when an illness compelled him to abandon the project. Whistler, who was decorating the entrance hall of Leyland's house, volunteered to finish Jeckyll's work in the dining room. Concerned that the red roses adorning the leather wall hangings clashed with the colors in The Princess, Whistler suggested retouching the leather with yellow paint, and Leyland agreed to that minor alteration. He also authorized Whistler to embellish the cornice and wainscoting with a "wave pattern" derived from the design in Jeckyll's leaded-glass door, and then went to his home in Liverpool. During Leyland's absence, Whistler grew bolder with his revisions. He covered the ceiling with squares of dutch metal (imitation gold leaf) and a lush pattern of peacock feathers, gilded the spindle shelving, and painted an array of magnificent peacocks on the inside panels of the shutters.
As word of his remarkable decoration got out, Whistler began entertaining visitors and amusing the press in Leyland's home--audacious behavior that, coupled with a dispute over payment for the project, provoked a bitter quarrel between the painter and his patron. Consequently, Whistler coated the costly leather with Prussian-blue paint and on the vacant wall opposite The Princess depicted a pair of fighting peacocks. The angry bird on the right was given silver throat feathers in reference to the white ruffled shirts that Leyland always wore; the other, docile peacock was crowned with a silver crest feather reminiscent of the single white lock that rose artfully above Whistler's forehead. Regarding the dining-room decoration as a three-dimensional painting, the artist obtained a blue rug for the floor, signed the composition several times with his butterfly emblem, and gave the room the title Harmony in Blue and Gold: The Peacock Room.
The Peacock Room remained intact and fully furnished with Chinese porcelain until Leyland's death in 1892. Twelve years later it was sold to the collector Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), who had purchased Whistler's Princess only the previous year. The room was dismantled in 1904 and moved to Freer's house in Detroit, where it was used to display his own collection of ceramics. After Freer's death in 1919, the Peacock Room was reinstalled at the Freer Gallery of Art, which opened to the public in 1923. The Chinese porcelain now on the shelves is similar to the collection for which the room was originally designed.

Published References
  • Der Feine Schimmer (The Delicate Glow: On Peacocks and Mother of Pearl in Art Nouveaux). Exh. cat. .
  • Strut: The Peacock and Beauty in Art. .
  • Daniel E. Sutherland. Whistler: A Life for Art's Sake. .
  • Charles Martin. Washington, the Pride of the Nation. vol. 43, no. 6 Washington, June 1923. .
  • John R. M. Taylor. The Freer Gallery, Washington, Opens with Important Whistler Collection. Boston, May 5, 1923. part 5.
  • Madge Bailey. Nation is Heir to Whistler's Genius. Seattle, October 26, 1919. part 6:4.
  • G.C. Williamson. The Book of Famille Rose. London. .
  • Dana H. Carroll. The Freer Collection for the Nation: The Field of Art. vol. 60 New York, September 1916. .
  • World's Greatest Cartoon Shows Whistler's Hatred of Avarice. San Francisco, February 10, 1912. .
  • Theodore Duret. Whistler. London and Phildadelphia. .
  • James McNeill Whistler. Nocturnes, Marines, & Chevalet Pieces: Small Collection Kindly Lent by Their Owners. London, 1892. .
  • Arthur Morrison. The Painters of Japan. 2 vols., London and Edinburgh. .
  • Ernest Francisco Fenollosa. Epochs of Chinese and Japanese Art: An Outline History of East Asiatic Design. 2 vols., London and New York. .
  • Robert J. Charleston. Islamic Pottery. Masterpieces of Western and Near Eastern Ceramics, vol. 4 Tokyo and New York. .
  • Arthur Waley (Introductory essay). Tao Te Ching: The Way and Its Power and Its Place in Chinese Thought. London. .
  • Arthur Symons. Studies in Seven Arts. New York. .
  • Famous Peacock Room. Philadelphia, April 22, 1905. .
  • Oliver J. Curwood. Charles L. Freer: An American Art Collector. London, June 1905. pp. lxxviii--lxxix.
  • Charles L. Freer's Gift to the Smithsonian Institution. Detroit, February 3, 1905. .
  • In Their Old Home: Col. Frank J. Hecker and Charles L. Freer as viewed at Logansport, Ind. Logansport, Indiana, September 19, 1904. .
  • Chas. Freer Buys 'Peacock Room'. Logansport, Indiana, September 10, 1904. .
  • Whistler's Peacock Room: World's Greatest Masterpiece of Decorative Art Bought by an American. Chicago, September 4, 1904. .
  • Whistler's Work Coming Here. New York, August 17, 1904. .
  • The Story of Whistler's Famous 'Peacock Room'. Detroit, July 23, 1904. .
  • The Peacock Room. London, June 18, 1904. .
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. London, June 18, 1904. .
  • Art and Artists. London, June 15, 1904. .
  • Whistler's 'Peacock Room': Detroiter Purchased All Friezes and Wall Paintings. Detroit, June 15, 1904. .
  • Freer as Art Collector: Detroiter Buys Jas. Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. Detroit, June 14, 1904. .
  • unknown title. New York, April 2, 1919. .
  • Art Notes: Whistler's Famous Peacock Room. London, June 10, 1904. .
  • Arthur Symons. Whistler. Paris, August 1903. .
  • A Beautiful House: Mr. Whistler and the Peacock Room. Birmingham, January 15, 1892. .
  • Obituary, F. R. Leyland. London, January 6, 1892. .
  • Art in America: Our Decorations Compared with Those of Europe. New York, February 8, 1890. .
  • James McNeill Whistler. Letter to "Atlas". London, December 31, 1884. .
  • Mary Eliza Haweis. The Art of Decoration. New York. .
  • James McNeill Whistler. Harmony in Blue and Gold: The Peacock Room. London, February 1877. .
  • M.S. Dimand. Notes: A Loan of Near Eastern Miniature Paintings. vol. 22, no. 4 New York, April 1927. .
  • American Artists in London. New York, April 10, 1876. .
  • Allen Staley. The Condition of Music. vol. 33 New York. .
  • History of Design: Decorative Arts and Material Culture, 1400-2000. .
  • Tom Prideaux. The Lady of the Portrait. 134. .
  • Léonce Bénédite. Artistes Contemporains: Whistler. vol. 34, June 1905. .
  • Margaret F. MacDonald. Whistler's Mother: An American Icon. .
  • Freer Gallery of Art. The Freer Gallery of Art of the Smithsonian Institution., 11th printing. Washington. .
  • Stephen Weintraub, Kanya Tsujimoto, Sadae Y. Walters. Urushi and Conservation: The Use of Japanese Lacquer in the Restoration of Japanese Art. vol. 11 Washington and Ann Arbor. .
  • Eric Denker. Japanese Prints and Western Art. Washington, Summer 2005. .
  • India Winter. Minai Ceramics. vol. 4, no. 1. Boston. .
  • Janet Douglas W. Thomas Chase. Examination of Two Eastern Zhou Jade and Gold Assemblages from Jincun, near Luoyang, Henan Province, China: Implications for the Original Configuration of the Freer Pectoral
    . vol. 46, no. 1 London. .
  • Marina M. Williams-Delaney University of Delaware/Winterthur Museum Art Conservation Program. Rediscovering a Victorian Dining Room by Thomas Jeckyll: A Study of the Subsurface in James McNeill Whistler's Peacock Room. .
  • Margaret F. MacDonald. James McNeill Whistler: Drawings, Pastels, and Watercolours : A Catalogue Raisonné. New Haven, 1995. nos. 577-585, 989-993, 1363, 1581, 1603.
  • Bernard S. Myers. Encyclopedia of World Art. New York, 1959-1987. pl. 421.
  • Mieczysław Wallis. Secesja. Warsaw. pls. 20-22.
  • C.J. Holmes. The Peacock Room: Painted for Mr. F.R. Leyland by James McNeill Whistler, removed in its entirety from the late owner's residence & exhibited at Messrs. Obach's Galleries at 168 New Bond Street, London. Exh. cat. London. pls. 1-10.
  • David Park Curry. James McNeill Whistler at the Freer Gallery of Art. Washington and New York, 1984. Frontplate, pp. 52-69.
  • East-West Interchanges in American Art: A Long and Tumultuous Relationship. Washington, D.C. .
  • Andrew McLaren Young, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer. The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler. Studies in British Art 2 vols. New Haven, 1980. no. 50, 88, 124, 178, pl. 116-120.
  • Burns A. Stubbs. Paintings, Pastels, Drawings, Prints, and Copper Plates by and Attributed to American and European Artists, Together with a List of Original Whistleriana, in the Freer Gallery of Art. vol. 1, no. 2, 2nd ed. Washington, 1967. pl. 15, 25.
  • Art Notes: 'The Peacock Room'. London, June 14, 1904. p. 1.
  • Art and Artists. London, June 14, 1904. p. 1.
  • Léonce Bénédite. Whistler. vol. 3 Barcelona, December 15, 1926. pp. 1-3.
  • Clement Jones. Pioneer Shipowners. Liverpool. pp. 1:119-1:121.
  • Burns A. Stubbs Freer Gallery of Art. The Whistler Peacock Room. Washington, D.C. pp. 1-18, pl. 3-7.
  • Our Ladies' Letter, by Joan and Jill. Norwich, July 2, 1904. p. 2.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. London, June 26, 1904. p. 2.
  • Art and Artists. News and Notes: Whistler's 'Peacock Room. Manchester, June 25, 1904. p. 2.
  • Art and Artists. London, June 16, 1904. p. 2.
  • Lost Art Treasures: How the Old Country is Being Denuded and the Remedy. London, June 14, 1904. p. 2.
  • London Notes: Another Art-Gem for America. Manchester, June 14, 1904. p. 2.
  • London Art. Whistler's Famous Peacock Room Now Belongs to an American Collector. Price Not Yet Ascertained. A Single Panel from the Same Room Already Bought by American for £5,000. Paris, June 13, 1904. p. 2.
  • The Peacock Room: A Whistler Work Which Drove a Man Mad. London, June 10, 1904. p. 2.
  • George W. Smalley. London Topics: Household Decoration: A Room Decorated by Rhoda and Agnes Garrett---Whistler's 'Harmony in Yellow and Gold'---A Tendency to Over-Decoration by Some Firms---Flimsy Workmanship. New York, July 6, 1878. p. 2.
  • George W. Smalley. London Topics: Progress in Household Art., March 5, 1877. p. 2.
  • Decorative Art. London, December 8, 1876. p. 2.
  • Kobayashi Tadashi. Untitled. Tokyo, September 2004. p. 2.
  • 'Peacock Room' Now in Detroit. Detroit, September 3, 1904. p. 3.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room: Art Treasure Going to the United States. London, June 13, 1904. p. 3.
  • Here and There: When Chelsea was Beautiful. Manchester, June 3, 1904. p. 3.
  • Goupil Gallery. Catalogue of Oil Paintings, a Water Colour and Etchings by Walter Greaves (Pupil of Whistler). Exh. cat. London, May, 1911. p. 4.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. London, December 23, 1904. p. 4.
  • Whistler's Famous Peacock Room. vol. 25 London, July 1904. pp. 4-6.
  • The Peacock Room: Sale to an American. London, June 13, 1904. p. 4.
  • Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. London, June 10, 1904. p. 4.
  • The Peacock Room: A Whistlerian Revenge. London, June 10, 1904. p. 4.
  • Art and Artists. London, June 6, 1904. p. 4.
  • Tom Taylor. A Peacock Room. London, February 15, 1877. p. 4.
  • Thomas Robert Way. Memories of James McNeill Whistler, the artist. London. pp. 4, 34-35.
  • Bought 'Peacock Room': Mr. Freer, New Owner of Whistler's Creation, Arrives from London. New York, June 15, 1904. p. 5.
  • Facts and Fancies: The Peacock Room. Dublin, June 14, 1904. p. 5.
  • Whistler and His Work: Famous 'Peacock Room' Open to Public Inspection. London, June 11, 1904. p. 5.
  • Our London Letter . . . Whistler's Famous Peacock Room. Dundee, Angus, June 2, 1904. p. 5.
  • Art at Home: Mr. Layland's [sic] At Princes-Gate. London, January 28, 1877. p. 5c-d.
  • Louise Bruner. Exhibition of 'The Golden Scab' revives Whistler's famous feud with Leyland. Toledo, December 8, 1957. p. 5.
  • Our London Correspondence. Manchester, June 22, 1904. p. 6.
  • The Chatterer. Boston, June 15, 1904. p. 6.
  • Whistler and Gainsborough. London, June 13, 1904. p. 6.
  • Our London Letter: The Peacock Room. Manchester, June 10, 1904. p. 6.
  • George W. Smalley. Books and Art in London: Notable Literary Events., March 29, 1877. p. 6.
  • Edward W. Godwin. Mr. F. R. Leyland's 'Peacock Room'. Liverpool, March 3, 1877. p. 6a-b.
  • Brian Reade. Aubrey Beardsley. Exh. cat. London. p. 6.
  • Wendy Samet, Joyce Hill Stoner, Richard Wolbers. Cleaning, Retouching and Coatings: Technology and Practice for Easel Paintings and Polychrome Sculpture: Preprints of the contributions to the Brussels congress, 3-7 September 1990. London. pp. 6-12.
  • Art. London, July 3, 1904. p. 7.
  • Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. London, June 13, 1904. p. 7.
  • Sudden Death of Mr. F. R. Leyland. Liverpool, January 6, 1892. p. 7.
  • Aspects of Victorian and Edwardian Decorative Arts. London, 1982. pp. 7, 18.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. New York, July 17, 1904. p. 8.
  • Round the Galleries. London, June 26, 1904. p. 8.
  • Whistler's Peacock-Room. Glasgow, June 13, 1904. p. 8.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. London, June 11, 1904. p. 8.
  • Whistler, His Art, His Ways and His Silver Tuft. London, March 13, 1904. pp. 8-9.
  • Whistler's Versatile Art and Most Famous Works. American Who Won Celebrity Abroad and Whose Pictures Will Be Seen Here. Boston, February 21, 1904. pp. 8, 11.
  • Marion H. Spielmann. James A. McNeill Whistler: 1834-1903: The Man and the Artist. vol. 28 London, November 1903. pp. 8-16.
  • Malcom Easton. Aubrey and the Dying Lady: A Beardsley Riddle. Boston. pp. 8-10.
  • Osburn & Mercer. The Mansion. Formerly the residence of the late F.R. Leyland, Esq.: Sale catalogue, 17 June 1892. London, 1892. pp. 8-9.
  • W.B. Greaves, Whistler & Chelsea: A Personal Note. Chelsea. p. 8.
  • Agnes E. Meyer. Charles Lang Freer and His Gallery. Washington, 1970. pp. 8, 11.
  • Elizabeth Phelps Stokes. Art Gems in Rich Setting at Capital. New York, May 7, 1923. p. 9.
  • Art Exhibitions. London, June 13, 1904. p. 9.
  • Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. London, June 10, 1904. p. 9.
  • T. J. Honeyman Glasgow Museums and Art Galleries. Whistler: Arrangements in Grey and Black. Exh. cat. Glasgow. p. 9.
  • Mr. Freer is Mum: Will Neither Admit Nor Deny That He Bought the Peacock Room. New York, June 20, 1904. p. 10.
  • 'Peacock Room' Goes to Detroit. New York, June 14, 1904. p. 10.
  • Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. Glasgow, June 10, 1904. p. 10.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. London, June 2, 1904. p. 10.
  • Art and Science Gossip. London, February 24, 1877. pp. 10-11.
  • Dennis Farr. English Art, 1870-1940. Oxford History of English Art, vol. 11 Oxford. pp. 10, 67, pl. 19.
  • Obituary: Mrs. Frances Leyland. London, January 13, 1910. p. 11.
  • Joseph Comyns Carr. Mr. Whistler's Decorative Paintings. vol. 25 London, February 15, 1877. p. 11.
  • The Freer Gallery's First Catalogue. Boston, March 17, 1924. p. 11.
  • Michael Howard. Whistler: The History and Techniques of the Great Masters. Secaucus, New Jersey. p. 11.
  • Lady Archibald Campbell. Rainbow-Music or the Philosophy of Harmony in Colour-Grouping. London. pp. 12-15.
  • Diane Chalmers Johnson. American Art Nouveau. New York. pp. 12, 14, 192, 197, pl. 1, 267, 268.
  • Susan Hobbs. The Whistler Peacock Room. Washington, D.C. pp. 12-22, 28, fig. 3-11, 15.
  • Albert Gallatin. Portraits of Whistler: A Critical Study and an Iconography. New York. p. 12.
  • Kenneth Myers. Mr. Whistler's Gallery: Pictures at an 1884 Exhibition. Washington. p. 12, fig. 8.
  • Freer Gallery of Art. The Freer Gallery of Art of the Smithsonian Institution. Baltimore. p. 13.
  • Denys Sutton, M.J.H. Liversidge, Martin J. Hopkinson, Isetan Museum of Art. James McNeill Whistler. Exh. cat. Tokyo. p. 13.
  • Freer Gallery of Art. The Freer Gallery of Art of the Smithsonian Institution., 10th Printing. Washington. p. 13.
  • Luke Ionides. Memories. Paris. pp. 14-15.
  • Elisabeth Luther Cary. Whistler Memorial Program: The Freer Gallery of Art: A Comment on Whistler's Contribution to Art. vol. 27, September 1934. p. 15.
  • Margaret F. MacDonald Galina Andreeva. Whistler and Russia. Exh. cat. Moscow. pp. 15, 105.
  • Oliver Brown. Exhibition: The Memoirs of Oliver Brown. London. p. 16.
  • Robin Spencer. James McNeill Whistler. British Artists. pp. 16, 48.
  • Burns A. Stubbs. James McNeill Whistler: A Biographical Outline Illustrated from the Collections of the Freer Gallery of Art. vol. 1, no. 4 Washington, 1950. pp. 16-17, pl. 10.
  • Edgar Munhall. Whistler and Montesquiou: The Butterfly and the Bat. New York and paris. pp. 17, 21, fig. 11.
  • Notes and Comments. Boston, October 24, 1919. p. 18.
  • The Museum of Oriental Ceramics, Osaka. Sparkles of Jade: Goryeo Celadon. Exh. cat. Osaka. p. 19.
  • Perlie P. Fallon. Whistler's Lithographs. vol. 10, December 1935. pp. 19-21; 38-39.
  • Grace Dunham Guest. Whistler: The Artist and the Man. Smithsonian Institution Radio Program, vol. 10, no. 3 New York. pp. 19-21, 38-39.
  • Art. vol. 67 London, July 2, 1904. p. 21.
  • Maria Costantino. Art Nouveau. London. pp. 21-22.
  • Violet Alleyn Storey. An Impression of the Peacock Room. Washington, D.C., October 1943. pp. 21, 35-37.
  • W. Aubrey Cartwright. Guide to Art Museums in the United States: East Coast, Washington to Miami., 1st ed. New York. pp. 21-23.
  • H. Granville Fell. Memories of Whistler I. The Peacock Room. vol. 95 London, January/February 1935. pp. 21-24, 74-76.
  • Sadakichi Hartmann. The Whistler Book: A Monograph of the Life and Position in Art of James McNeill Whister, Together with a Careful Study of His More Important Works. Boston. pp. 21, 54,103-5, 211.
  • R. C. Wilson. Frederick Leyland and the Wonderful Peacock Room. vol. 6, May 1978. pp. 22-25, 38-39.
  • Ideals of Beauty: Asian and American Art in the Freer and Sackler Galleries. Thames and Hudson World of Art London and Washington, 2010. pp. 22-25.
  • Home Decoration: Whistler's Peacock Room. vol. 116 London, July 16, 1904. p. 23.
  • Stanley Weintraub. Beardsley: A Biography. New York. pp. 25-26.
  • Wall Painting by Mr. Whistler. vol. 17 London, January 13, 1877. p. 26.
  • Tom Prideaux. Why Whistler's Peacock Room made feathers fly. vol. 1, September 1970. pp. 26-34.
  • Mieczysław Wallis. Jugendstil. Warschau. pp. 26-27, Fig. 8,9,10.
  • Denys Sutton. James McNeill Whistler: Paintings, Etchings, Pastels & Watercolours. London, 1966. pp. 26-29, figs. 16-17.
  • Thomas W. Brunk. The House that Freer Built. no. 3, Spring 1981. pp. 27-36, pls. 14-18.
  • The Nation's Benefactor in Art. vol. 63 New York, October 18, 1919. pp. 28-29.
  • Alison Adburgham. Liberty's: A Biography of a Shop. London. p. 28.
  • Freer Gallery of Art. Freer Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C. p. 28.
  • Nicholas Cooper Henry Bedford Lemere. The Opulent Eye: Late Victorian and Edwardian Taste in Interior Design. New York. pp. 29, 93, pl. 41.
  • Margaret F. MacDonald. Whistler, The Graphic Work: Amsterdam, Liverpool, London, Venice. Liverpool and Glasgow. pp. 30, 38.
  • With Kindest Regards: The Correspondence of Charles Lang Freer and James McNeill Whistler 1890-1903. Washington. p. 30, 42.
  • Charlotte Gere. Nineteenth-Century Decoration: The Art of the Interior. New York. pp. 33, 169, 329, figs. 395-396.
  • Elizabeth Robins Pennell Joseph Pennell. The Art of Whistler. New York. pp. 34-38.
  • Klaus Berger. Japonisme in Western Painting from Whistler to Matisse. Cambridge, England. pp. 34, 44-6,248, figs. 28-29.
  • Linda Merrill. A Pot of Paint: Aesthetics on Trial in Whistler v. Ruskin. Washington and London. p. 34, fig. 19.
  • A Harmony in Yellow and Gold. vol. 4, July 27, 1878. p. 36.
  • Hugh Honour John Fleming. The Venetian Hours of Henry James, Whistler and Sargent. Boston. p. 36.
  • Rollin van N. Hadley Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum. Drawings, Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum. Boston. pp. 37-41.
  • Charles Henry Caffin. The Art of James McNeill Whistler: Lecture at the Detroit Museum of Art. Detroit, Friday, April 23, 1909. p. 37.
  • Christine Minter-Dowd. Finders' Guide to Decorative Arts in the Smithsonian Institution. Finders' Guide to Work in the Smithsonian Institution Washington, 1983-1984. pp. 38, 40, fig. 8.
  • Ellen Roberts. A Marriage of the Extreme East and the Extreme West: Japanism and Aestheticism in Louis Comfort Tiffany's Rooms in the Bella Apartments. vol. 8, no. 2 New York, 2006. p. 38, fig. 28.
  • Susan Weber. Whistler as Collector, Interior Colorist and Decorator. pp. 39-57.
  • Lynnne Elliott. Dress Rehearsal for the Arts and Crafts., February 2007. pp. 40-41.
  • Kirk Savage. "A forcible piece of weird decoration": Whistler and The Gold Scab. vol. 4 Washington, D.C., Spring 1990. pp. 41-53.
  • Webster Prentiss True. Three Thousand Years of Art: Freer Gallery in Washington Links America of Present with Ancient China. vol. 1 Washington, D.C., February 20, 1926. pp. 42-43.
  • Whistler Memento. vol. 55 Chicago, December 1950. pp. 43, 45.
  • James Warren Lane Aimee Crane. Whistler. New York. p. 46.
  • Philadelphia Museum of Art Department of Art History and Archaeology of Columbia University. From Realism to Symbolism, Whistler and his World. Exh. cat. New York and Philadelphia. p. 47.
  • Theodore Duret. Histoire de James McNeill Whistler et de Son Oeuvre. Paris. pp. 47-49.
  • The Late Mr. Leyland's Beautiful House: Mr. Whistler and the Peacock Room. London, January 14, 1892. p. 48.
  • Lionel Lambourne. The Aesthetic Movement. London. pp. 48-65.
  • Guy Pene Du Bois. Art by the Way. New York, July 1923. pp. 50-51.
  • Richard C. De Wolf. The Freer Gallery of Art. Washington, September-October 1923. pp. 50, 52.
  • Klaus Berger. Japonismus in der Westlichen Malerei: 1860-1920. München. pp. 50-51, fig. 28, 29.
  • Cornelius Gurlitt. Die Amerikanische Malerie in Europa: Mit Beruckstichtingung der Munchener Austellung 1892. Munich. p. 51.
  • Frances Spaulding. Whistler. Oxford. pp. 52-60.
  • The Late Mr. Leyland's House. vol. 37 London, January 15, 1892. p. 55.
  • Author Dominique Poulot. "Commanditaires et Mécènes." Sponsors and Patrons. vol. 1107 Vanves, France, December 2016. p. 57.
  • Avis Berman. James McNeill Whistler. New York. pp. 59-64.
  • Anne Koval. Whistler in His Time. Exh. cat. London. pp. 60-62, figs. 58-60.
  • Frank Rutter. James McNeill Whistler: An Estimate and a Biography. New York. pp. 63-69.
  • In and Out of London: Mr. Whistler's Peacocks. London, February 17, 1877. pp. 63-64.
  • Patrick Chaleyssin. James McNeill Whistler: The Strident Cry of the Butterfly. Bournemouth, U.K. pp. 65-66, 69.
  • Eric Denker. In Pursuit of the Butterfly: Portraits of James McNeill Whistler. Exh. cat. Washington, D.C. pp. 65-66, 68, fig. 3:7.
  • Elizabeth Aslin. The Aesthetic Movement: Prelude to Art Nouveau. New York. pp. 65, 94, 114, pl. 59.
  • Whistler's Art and Personality in 'The Peacock Room'. vol. 63 New York, October 18, 1919. pp. 66, 70.
  • Brief Guide to the Smithsonian Institution. Washington, D.C. p. 66.
  • Michi Nomura. Sekai isshu nikki (Diary of a journey around the world). Tokyo. pp. 66-70, pl. 3.
  • Here, There, and Everywhere. vol. 25 London, February 21, 1877. p. 67.
  • , Margaret F. MacDonald, Katharine Lochnan, Robin Spencer, David Park Curry, Nigel Thorp. In James McNeill Whistler: A Reexamination. Studies in the History of Art, vol. 19 Washington, D.C. pp. 67-82, fig. 14.
  • Art in America. vol. 9, no. 37 London, April 1906. p. 68.
  • Robin Spencer. The Aesthetic Movement: Theory and practice. London. pp. 68-73.
  • David Seth Raizman. History of Modern Design. Upper Saddle River, NJ and London. p. 69, fig. 5.4.
  • Robin Spencer. Japonisme in Art: An International Symposium., 1st edition. Tokyo, 1980. pp. 71-72.
  • John Walker. James McNeill Whistler. Library of American Art (Harry N. Abrams, Inc.) New York. pp. 71-75.
  • Don Seitz. Whistler Stories. New York and London. p. 74.
  • H. Granville Fell. Memories of Whistler: II. Patrons as Profiteers. London, February 1935. pp. 74-76.
  • Hesketh Pearson. The Man Whistler: pt. 3; the Peacock Room. New York, December 1952. pp. 75-78, 116-117.
  • Frederick Arnold Sweet. James McNeill Whistler: Paintings, Pastels, Watercolors, Drawings, Etchings, Lithographs. Exh. cat. Chicago, 1968. p. 75.
  • Henning Bock, Robin Spencer, Andrew McLaren Young. James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903). Exh. cat. Berlin. no. 31, p. 77.
  • Susan Hobbs. A Connoisseur's Vision of America: The American Collection of Charles Lang Freer., August 1977. p. 79.
  • Henry C. White Houghton Mifflin Co. The Life and Art of Dwight William Tryon. Boston and New York, 1930. pp. 80-81, 88-97.
  • Theodore Child. A Pre-Raphaelite Mansion. London, 1890. pp. 81-99.
  • Catherine Carter Goebel. Arrangement in Black and White: The making of a Whistler legend. Ann Arbor. pp. 82-139, 837-862.
  • Denys Sutton. Nocturne: The Art of James McNeill Whistler. Philadelphia and New York, 1964. pp. 82-88, 93, 129, 138, fig. 35.
  • A Bird's-eye View of the Future. vol. 72 London, March 3, 1877. p. 85.
  • Hilary Taylor. James McNeill Whistler. New York. pp. 86--90, 93, 95, 98, pl. 65, 66.
  • Denys Sutton. Cahiers de Bordeaux: Journées internationales d'études d'art. vols. 7 and 8, Bordeaux, July 1960. pp. 87-94.
  • G.C. Williamson. Murray Marks and his Friends: A Tribute of Regard. London. pp. 88-97.
  • Andrew McLaren Young. James McNeill Whistler: An Exhibition of Paintings and Other Works. Exh. cat. London and New York. no. 118, p. 90.
  • Tanaka Ikkō Sesoko Tsune. The Hybrid Culture: What Happened when East and West Met. Hiroshima. pp. 90, 94-95.
  • In Perfect Harmony: Picture + Frame, 1850-1920. Exh. cat. Amsterdam. pp. 91-93.
  • Ralph Dutton. The English Interior, 1500 to 1900. London. p. 92, pl. 147.
  • Eugene Matthew Becker. Whistler and the Aesthetic Movement. Princeton. p. 93, pl. 37.
  • Joseph Comyns Carr. Coasting Bohemia. London. pp. 94-95.
  • Edward W. Godwin. Mr. Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. vol. 2, March 24, 1877. p. 95.
  • Walter Dowdeswell. Whistler. New York, April 1887. p. 98.
  • William Gaunt. The Aesthetic Adventure. London. p. 98.
  • Elizabeth Robins Pennell Joseph Pennell. The Whistler Journal. Philadelphia, 1921. pp. 100-112, 302-303, 320, 326.
  • Thomas Robert Way G. R. Dennis. The Art of James McNeill Whistler: An Appreciation by T.R. Way and G.R. Dennis. London, 1903. p. 100, 102.
  • Fine Arts, Science, &c. London, January 27, 1877. p. 103a.
  • Hannah Sigur. The Influence of Japanese Art on Design., 1st ed. Salt Lake City. p. 103.
  • Heidi L. Berry. Washington: A Public City with a Private Heart. vol. 9 New York, January 1987. pp. 104-105.
  • Mary Sayre Haverstock. An American Bestiary. New York. pp. 105-106.
  • Alice Vansittart Carr. Mrs. J. Comyns Carr's Reminiscences. London. pp. 106-108.
  • Tom Pocock. Chelsea Reach: The Brutal Friendship of Whistler and Walter Greaves. London. pp. 108-111.
  • The Studios. vol. 72 London, March 17, 1877. p. 109.
  • Horace Gregory. The World of James McNeill Whistler. New York. pp. 110-117.
  • Donald M. Reynolds. The Nineteenth Century. Cambridge and New York. pp. 110-111.
  • Gleeson White. An Epoch-making House. vol. 310 New York, December 1897. p. 111.
  • Suzanne Smeaton. Frames in Context: Four Men and Their Vision. vol. 8, January-February 1991. pp. 111, 115.
  • D.S. MacColl. Whistler's pfauenzimmer. Berlin, August 1905. pp. 112-114.
  • Peter Prangnell. Some Houses + some constellations: essays from Spazio e Societa. p. 112.
  • Susan M. Duval. F. R. Leyland--A Maecenas from Liverpool. London, August 1986. p. 115, fig. 5.
  • Hesketh Pearson. The Man Whistler. New York. pp. 116-117.
  • Tom Prideaux. The World of Whistler, 1834-1903. New York, 1970. pp. 116, 118-119.
  • Oscar Wilde. The Grosvenor Gallery. vol. 90 Dublin, July 1877. pp. 118-26.
  • Edward W. Godwin. Notes on Mr. Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. vol. 17 London, February 24, 1877. pp. 118-19.
  • Jeremy Cooper. Victorian and Edwardian Furniture and Interiors: From the Gothic Revival to Art Nouveau. London. pp. 118-119, 138, figs. 292, 320.
  • Robin Spencer. Whistler: A Retrospective. New York. p. 120, pls. 63-65.
  • Doreen Bolger Burke Metropolitan Museum of Art. In Pursuit of Beauty: Americans and the Aesthetic Movement. Exh. cat. New York. no. 4.10, pp. 122, 443.
  • Peacock Decoration. vol. 7 London, February 23, 1877. p. 123.
  • Mr. J. A. M. Whistler's Decorative Work: The Peacock Room. London, February 17, 1877. p. 124.
  • Ira M. Horowitz. Whistler's Frames. vol. 39, no. 2, Winter 1979-1980. pp. 124-131, fig. 5.
  • William Gaunt. Kensington. London. pp. 125-126.
  • Vernon Lee. Vernon Lee's Letters. London. p. 126.
  • Marjorie Schwarzer. Riches, Rivals & Radicals: 100 Years of Museums in America. Washington, DC. p. 127.
  • Deanna Marohn Bendix. Diabolical Designs: Paintings, Interiors, and Exhibitions of James McNeill Whistler. Washington, D.C. pp. 128-142.
  • Arthur Jerome Eddy. Recollections and Impressions of James A. McNeill Whistler. Philadelphia and London. pp. 128-131, 209.
  • Aline B. Saarinen. The Proud Possessors: The Lives, Times and Tastes of Some Adventurous American Art Collectors. New York. pp. 129-132.
  • Val C. Prinsep. The Private Art Collections of London: The Late Mr. Frederick Leyland's in Prince's Gate: Rossetti and His Friend. vol. 55 New York, May 1892. pp. 129-138.
  • Mortimer Menpes. Whistler As I Knew Him. London. pp. 129-132.
  • Abraham Marie Hammacher. Phantoms of the Imagination: Fantasy in Art and Literature from Blake to Dali. New York. pp. 130, 144-145, pl. 124.
  • Val C. Prinsep. The Late Mr. Frederick Leyland's Collection in Prince's Gate. London. pp.132-135.
  • Impressions: The Journal of the Japanese Art Society of America. no. 39 Lexington, MA, 2018. p. 134-135, fig. 2.
  • Joseph Comyns Carr. Some Eminent Victorians: Personal Recollections in the world of Art and Letters. London. p. 134.
  • Lionel Robinson. The Private Art Collections of London: The Late Mr. Frederick Leyland's in Prince's Gate: Second Paper: The Leyland Collection. vol. 55 London, May 1892. pp. 134-38.
  • Bernhard Sickert. Whistler. London and New York. pp. 135-136.
  • Rosalind Fischell. Blue and White China: Origins/Western Influences. Boston. pp. 137, 142.
  • The Social Week. London, March 3, 1877. p. 138.
  • Ralph Dutton. The Victorian Home: Some Aspects of Nineteenth-century Taste and Manners. London. pp. 142-143.
  • Frank Whitford. Japanese Prints and Western Painters. New York. pp. 143-147, pl. 84.
  • Lewis F. Day. A Kensington Interior. London, 1893. pp. 143-44.
  • William Michael Rossetti. Notes on Art and Archaeology. vol. 11 London, February 17, 1877. p. 147.
  • Whistler's Decorative Masterpiece. vol. 3 London, June 25, 1904. pp. 148, 150.
  • John Winter Elisabeth West FitzHugh. Some Technical Notes on Whistler's Peacock Room. vol. 30. pp. 149-154, fig. 1.
  • Leon Edel. Henry James: The Middle Years 1882-1895. Philadelphia and New York. pp. 151-152.
  • Thomas White. Albert Moore and the 'D.N.B'. vol. 8, no. 191 London, August 24, 1907. p. 152.
  • David Park Curry. James McNeill Whistler: Uneasy Pieces. Richmond and New York, 2004. p. 154, fig. 4.45.
  • The Peacock Room. London, June 8, 1904. p. 156.
  • Margaret F. MacDonald, Patricia de Montfort, Pamela Robertson, Lee Glazer. James McNeill Whistler Retrospective. Exh. cat. Tokyo, 2014. pp. 157-164, centerfold.
  • In the Peacock Room: A Variation. London, October 8, 1881. p. 157.
  • James Laver. Whistler., 2nd ed. London. pp. 157-163.
  • Hestia. Other Folks' Houses: The Peacock Room. vol. 29 London, July 23, 1904. p. 158.
  • Kate R. McDiarmid. Whistler's Mother: Her Life, Letters and Journal. North Wilkesboro, N.C. pp. 159-160.
  • Gordon Fleming. James Abbott McNeill Whistler: A Life. New York. pp. 161-166.
  • James A. McNeill Whistler. vol. 10 London, October 1904. pp. 162-163.
  • Jacques Dufwa. Winds from the East: A Study in the Art of Manet, Degas, Monet and Whistler, 1856-86. Atlantic Highlands, N.J. and Stockholm. pp. 162-163, fig. 140.
  • Richard Dorment, Margaret F. MacDonald, Tate Gallery Publications. James McNeill Whistler. Exh. cat. London. pp. 164-167.
  • David Park Curry. Charles Lang Freer and American Art. vol. 118, no. 258, special issue., August 1983. pp. 168, 170, fig. 1.
  • Mrs. Alec Tweedie. Thirteen Years of a Busy Woman's Life. London. pp. 169-70.
  • Roy McMullen. Victorian Outsider: A Biography of J. A. M. Whistler. New York. pp. 169-181, 194, 253.
  • Stanley Weintraub. Whistler: A Biography. New York. pp. 169-181.
  • Reverend H. R. Haweis. Arrows in the Air. London. pp. 174-175.
  • Katharine Lochnan. The Etchings of James McNeill Whistler. Exh. cat. New Haven and London, 1984. p. 175.
  • Daniell Cornell. Masterworks of American Paintings at the De Young. San Francisco, October 2005. p. 180.
  • Thomas Lawton Linda Merrill. Freer: a legacy of art. Washington and New York, 1993. pp. 180-181, fig. 120.
  • The Lay Figure: On Domestic Decoration. vol. 32, no. 136 London, July 1904. p. 182.
  • The Peacock Room. vol. 35 London, February 24, 1877. p. 182.
  • Gardner C. Teall. Mr. Whistler and the Art Crafts. vol. 13 New York, February 1903. pp. 190-91.
  • Susan Weber Soros, Catherine Arbuthnott, The Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts, Design, and Culture. Thomas Jeckyll: Architect and Designer, 1827-1881. New Haven. pp. 193-197.
  • Personal. vol. 10 New York, March 31, 1877. p. 195.
  • Walter Crane. An Artist's Reminiscences. New York. pp. 199-200.
  • Criticus. Whistler, Sargent, Hemy: Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. vol. 93 London, July 1904. p. 201.
  • Elizabeth Robins Pennell Joseph Pennell. The Life of James McNeill Whistler. 2 vols., London and Philadelphia. pp. 201-209.
  • Anne Koval Ronald Anderson. Whistler: Beyond the Myth. New York. pp. 206-209.
  • Thomas Armstrong. Thomas Armstrong, C.B. A Memoir, 1832-1911. London. pp. 206-208.
  • George H. Boughton. A Few of the Various Whistlers I Have Known. vol. 30 London, December 15, 1903. p. 215.
  • Variorum Notes. London, February 17, 1877. p. 216.
  • Louise Jopling. Twenty Years of My Life, 1867-1889. London. p. 216.
  • Whistler's Peacock Room. vol. 2, no. 18 London, June 1904. p. 220.
  • Helen Smith. Decorative Painting in the Domestic Interior in England and Wales, c.1850--1890. New York. no. 33, pp. 222-223.
  • Elisabeth Luther Cary. The Works of James McNeill Whistler: A Study., First edition. New York, 1907. cat. 481, p. 227.
  • Criticus. World of Art and Music: Echoes of Whistler: The Peacock Room. vol. 93 London, July 1904. p. 231.
  • The Week. vol. 10 London, June 11, 1904. p. 239.
  • Studio-Talk. vol. 32, no. 137 London, August 1904. pp. 241-246.
  • Art: Ornamental Painting. London, February 24, 1877. pp. 244-45.
  • Helen W. Henderson. The Art Treasures of Washington: An Account of the Corcoran Gallery of Art and of the National Gallery and Museum, with Descriptions and Criticisms of their Contents. The Art Galleries of America series Boston. p. 244.
  • Notes and News. vol. 10 London, September 2, 1876. pp. 249, 275.
  • Ted Berkman. To Seize the Passing Dream: A Novel of Whistler, His Women and His World. Garden City, N.Y. pp. 252-261.
  • Comte de Robert Montesquiou-Fezensac. Les Pas Effacés. Mémoires, vol. 2 Paris. pp. 254-55.
  • David Frost Michael Shea. The Rich Tide: Men, Women, Ideas and their Transatlantic Impact. London. pp. 261-262.
  • Charles Lockwood. Books on America's Artistic Tradition, Review of "An American Bestiary" by Mary Sayre Haverstock (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1979). vol. 37 New York, May 1980. p. 262.
  • Walter Crane. William Morris to Whistler: Papers and Addresses on Art and Craft and the Commonwealth. London. pp. 267-69.
  • Elizabeth Mumford. Whistler's Mother: The Life of Anna McNeill Whistler. Boston. pp. 269, 310-312.
  • Whistler's Famous Peacock Room. vol. 19 London, June 8, 1904. p. 272.
  • Harvey M. Watts. Opening of the Freer Gallery of Art. vol. 15 Washington, June 1923. pp. 274-76.
  • Margaret F. MacDonald. Whistler's Designs for a Catalogue of Blue and White Nankin Porcelain. vol. 198 London, August 1978. pp. 290-295, fig. 14.
  • The Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C. vol. 48 New York, September 1923. pp. 293-97.
  • Octave Maus. James M. Neill Whistler. Brussels, September 13, 1885. pp. 294-96.
  • Clay Lancaster. Oriental Contributions to Art Nouveau. vol. 34, December 1952. p. 300.
  • Whistler's 'Peacock Room'. London, June 8, 1904. p. 311.
  • The Lady of the Portrait: Letters of Whistler's Mother. vol. 136, September 1925. pp. 327-328.
  • The New Painting of the 1860s. New Haven and London. p. 330, fig. 316.
  • Edwards Park. Treasures from the Smithsonian Institution., 1st ed. Washington and New York. pp. 331-336.
  • People, Places, and Things: Whistler's Peacock Decorations. London, June 23, 1904. p. 337.
  • Algernon Graves. James Abbott McNeill Whistler. vol. 1 London, August 1903. pp. 342-43.
  • Richard Oertel. Whistler. vol. 25 Berlin, July 1911. pp. 345-360.
  • Leila Mechlin. The Freer Collection of Art: Mr. Charles L. Freer's Gift to the Nation, to be Installed at Washington. vol. 73, no. 3 New York, January 1907. pp. 358-59.
  • Kerrison Preston. Letters from Graham Robertson. London. pp. 362-363.
  • World of Art and Music: Whistler's 'Peacock Room. Review and Miscellany, vol. 93 London, July 1904. p. 365.
  • The Freer Museum. vol. 112 London, February 16, 1916. p. 366.
  • Theodore Duret. James Whistler. vol. 23 Paris, April 1881. pp. 366-67.
  • Siegfried Wichmann. Japonisme: The Japanese Influence on Western Art in the 19th and 20th Centuries. New York. p. 376, fig. 1033.
  • Paul G. Konody. Whistler's Pfauenzimmer. vol. 7 Vienna. pp. 385-91.
  • Bertrand Tillier, Laurent Baridon, Frank Claustrat. "L'art du XIXe siècle: l'heure de la modernité 1789-1914." The art of the 19th century: the time of modernity 1789-1914. Paris, France, September 2016. pp. 388-389.
  • Peter Ferriday. Peacock Room. vol. 125, June 1959. pp. 407-414.
  • Notes on Current Events. vol. 61 London, June 10, 1904. p. 417.
  • Don Seitz. James Abbott McNeill Whistler--Wit, Wasp and Butterfly. New Series, vol. 1 New York, August 1925. pp. 488-503.
  • A Whistler Room. vol. 1 London, June 1904. p. 490.
  • Elizabeth Robins Pennell Joseph Pennell. Whistler as Decorator: With an Incidental Comparison of the Influence of Whistler and that of William Morris. vol. 83 London, February 1912. pp. 500-513.
  • Vernon Lee. Imagination in Modern Art. vol. 62 St. Louis, Mo., October 1897. pp. 513-515.
  • Vernon Lee. Imagination in Modern Art: Random Notes on Whistler, Sargent, and Besnard. vol. 62 St. Louis, October 1, 1897. pp. 514-15.
  • Notes and News. London, June 18, 1904. p. 523.
  • E.G. Roberts. Whistler in the Freer Gallery. vol. 16, no. 10. Washington, D.C., October 1925. pp. 533-535.
  • Laurie Schneider Adams. Exploring the Humanities: Creativity and Culture in the West. Teaching and Learning, Classroom ed. 2 vols., Upper Saddle River, N.J. p. 570, fig. 20.10.
  • Val C. Prinsep. James A. McNeill Whistler: 1834-1903: I. Personal Recollections. New Series 1, vol. 27 London, October 1903. pp. 577-80.
  • Whistler. The great artists: their lives, works and inspiration 19, London. p. 602.
  • The Peacock Room in the Freer Gallery of Art. vol. 43, no. 6. Washington, D.C., June 1923. p. 631, pl. 15.
  • Alistair Smith. Shorter Notice: Presented by the Misses Rachel F. and Jean I. Alexander: Seventeen Paintings for the National Gallery. vol. 114, September 1972. p. 633.
  • Edward W. Godwin. Correspondence. Whistler and the Philistines. What is a 'Master.': Letter to the editor. vol. 3, no. 107, London, July 22, 1886. pp. 657-58.
  • Linda Merrill. Whistler and the "Lange Lijzen". vol. 136, no. 1099., October 1994. pp. 683-690, figs. 30-31.
  • Art Notes: Whistler's Famous Peacock Room. vol. 35 London, June 18, 1904. pp. 706-707.
  • The Lighter Side. vol. 85 London, June 10, 1904. p. 742.
  • Art Notes. vol. 85 London, June 17, 1904. p. 772.
  • The Peacock Room. vol. 1 London, June 18, 1904. p. 793.
  • Mr. Whistler's Peacock Room. London, June 16, 1892. pp. 864-65.
  • Helen Gardner, Horst de la Croix, Richard G. Tansey. Gardner's Art Through the Ages. 2 vols., , 7th ed. New York. p. 885, fig. 21-91.
  • Linda Merrill. Whistler's Peacock Room Revisited. vol. 143, June 1993. pp. 894-901.
  • Art Notes. London, June 18, 1904. p. 932.
  • Miscellanea. London, June 7, 1904. p. 984.
  • The Editor's Note Book. vol. 1, no. 2 London, July 1904. pp. 1040-45.
  • Segolene Bergeon Langle Pierre Currie. Peinture and Dessin: Vocabulaire Typologique et Technique. Principes d'analyse scientifique 2 vols., Paris. p. 1057.
  • Bric-a-brac. vol. 63 London, June 11, 1904. p. 1068.
  • The Development of Interior Decoration. London, June 25, 1904. pp. 1074, 1076.
  • Lady Colin Campbell. In the Picture Galleries: Whistler's Peacock Room. London, June 21, 1904. p. 1081.
  • Susan Hobbs. Whistler at the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. vol. 120, no. 5 New York, November 1981. pp. 1154, 1198-1199, pl. 8.
  • David Park Curry. Whistler and Decoration. vol. 126 New York, November 1984. pp. 1186-1199, pl. 11.
  • Art Notes: Peacocks with a Past. London, June 23, 1904. pp. 1612-13.
Collection Area(s)
American Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum