Southeast Asia | Glossary

apsara (Sanskrit) = celestial female deity

candi (Bahasa Indonesia) = shrine, temple

devata (Sanskrit) = minor deity

gandharva (Sanskrit) = celestial male deity that flies

Garuda = name of a divine eagle, often associated with Vishnu

goa/gua (Bahasa Indonesia) = cave

guha (Sanskrit) = cave

gunung (Bahasa Indonesia) = mountain, volcano

naga = serpent deity

prasada (Sanskrit) = palace, structural temple

prasat (Khmer) = structural temple

pura (Bahasa Indonesia) = structural temple

rakshasa (Sanskrit) = demon

rishi (Sanskrit) = sage, ascetic

stupa = Buddhist reliquary mound

tapas (Sanskrit) = internal heat

tirta/tirtha (Bahasa Indonesia/Sanskrit) = bathing place, water shrine